U.N.O – The United Nations organisation
The United Nations organisation came into hang in 1945 after a horrible war and it represents the strong desire of humanity for peace. The league of Nations had not been as broadly based Some great nations kept out of it. The U NO, from the very beginning was composed of almost all the nations of the world. Most of those which could not join at first have now become members. The major objectives of the U.N.0. are the maintenance of time peace, the growth of cooperative effort among nations and the solution of disputes by peaceful means Members are obliged lo promote respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms Six main organs make up the U N O. These are the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council, the Trusteeship Council. the International Court of Justice, and the Secretariat. In addition to these there are eleven s agencies specialized working in various fields. The more important of them are the ILO. the FAO, the UNESCO. and the WHO, The U.N.0 has tried its best to live up to the noble ideas contained in the preamble to its charmer. This
preamble is a declaration on behalf of the government of their peoples. expresses the determination of the members to save coming generations from the scourge of war. li recognizes that “Since wars begin in the minds of men. it is in the minds of men that defenses of peace must be constructed. It further says that mutual ignorance and denial of democratic rights have been the cause of war in the past. lt also warns that peace based merely on economic and political foundations will not lasting. Finally it emphasizes the need of a greater spread of culture and education for the good of humanity The achievements of the UN o so far have not been small can look back on a proud record and forward to the hope of progress, in such vital fields as disarmament and developing the peaceful uses of atomic energy The U.NO has tried to prevent the outbreak of a world war on many different
occasions. It stopped a war her ween Egypt and Britain, France and Israel over the question of Suez canal. before this is checked the Korean war from turning into a world war But for the intervention of the UNO in the Congo, thal country would bave become a major area of the cold war. The U N.o also contributed to a solution of a long-standing dispute between Holland and Indonesia regarding West New Guinea a major trouble spot in SE Asia. The U N played a significant role in earlier stages of the Indo-Pakistan conflict over Kashmir. The U.N o took timely action by calling a halt to armed instabilities between usable e ad UAR and other Arab countries in 1967 and again in 1973. There are many people who are not satisfied with the working of the UN o. They point out that it is dominated hy the American bloc so it fails to work as impartially as it should Red China was given its due place after 25 year. The UN o could nut e resolve the Kashmir usu. It could do nothing to solve the problem of Vietnamese. The Americans savagely bombarded that country could prevent gen code in Bangladesh It has not been fairly successful in promoting peace but its great achievements have been in the field of social and economic advancement of developing nations. In spite of these achievements the U N.0. has not gone far in the fulfillment of its chief aim, the establishment of lasting peace. The Big Powers have made the U N. an instrument of their policies. Some of its members have begun to think of it as an organisation through which war can be waged. The armament race is out of its control. And it has not got the strength to check an aggressor. The presence of the veto in the Security Council makes it helpless. But, in spite of all its weaknesses and failures, the world would be a much worse place without this organisation. It serves a vital function. In a cold war-ridden world it provides a useful platform where agreements are sometimes reached. If the U.N. did not exist all the countries will come together to build up something like it again.