Atomic energy The theory that all material substances


Atomic theory, The theory that all material substances are composed of minute particles or atoms a limited number of kinds R hence any theory concerning the structure of the atom According to modern discoveries, the atom is now regarded not as an ultimate pl particle but as a system consisting of a small dense nucleus having a positive electric charge of I 92 or more and I to 92 or more uv electrons surrounding it in concentric “Shells,” Atomic bomb, Atomic tomb is a bomb in which the caused hy a sustained neutron chain-reaction (i.e a ing reaction) resulting from the fission of the nuclei of uranium or its derivatives. To make the chain-reaction ul, there is a critical size of the uranium or ump, her than which does not support the chain-reaction. As b it is usual to take two lumps each less than the critical size, but larger than this. As s as they are brought together, an upsilon results From the above-mentioned explanations, it is obvious that the energy of the atom is suddenly released it can he used for whoa purposes of an unprecedented nature. It destroys all tive life within a radius of several miles and leaves such terrific read rs in the atmosphere for hundreds of

miles all round that drain bom in the next generation are affected hy it. The fall of has been caricatured to two relatively small tombs. one of hitch exploded in the air It is reported that the killed and injured a hour one-third of the population and buildings of the city were destroy The nature of the atomic bomb being kepi as a guarded secret. There are also indications that the atomic energy can be growth of crops and prove an invaluable for accelerating the in agriculture li can thus help mankind to solve the vexed food shortage is believed that vast traces of vatted land will be converted into fertile areas hy the atomic vessels. When


such experiments prove successful. man may be able lo banish hunger and want Living will no only become cheap Nut also more comfort is also believed that with the appearance of this new the means of transportation will receive an immense impetus ith the swift, inexpensive and more comfortable means of communication around disposal, more men will travel Maryland, sea air and thus foster international relations However, these are all dreams yet to he fulfilled So we ave go in our hands the weapon of destruction so Le we recognition sensationalist frontiers, people will continue

to hate each other. The man beyond the border is though of not as a friend but as a potential enemy. How is it possible to break national frontiers and make see that the way of hatred is the way of self-destruction. The only way to do so is to make each citizen in every nation look dispassionately at war. If we accept that national frontiers and wan are justified, then we shall not be able to prevent the use of tbe atomic bomb by the nation which possesses it against its enemies. So we are obliged to the concept of the World State. A World state is inevitable. If it does not come peacefully, it will be brought about by war.


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